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House music is a style of electronic music that originated in Chicago and New York in the early 1980s. New York too has played an integral part in the development of house music, which is considered a direct descendant of disco music. House music is characterized by a 4/4 beat, meaning there is a prominent kick drum every beat (or every quarter note of a bar).
A drum machine or another electronic instrument usually creates the kick drum in house music. House music often has a continuous, repetitive synth bassline and uses a variety of electronic sounds and samples taken from other music genres including jazz, disco, blues and pop. House music generally falls between 118 and 135 beats per minute (BPM).
There is some debate surrounding how 'house' music first received its name. In the early 1980s underground warehouse parties become popular in Chicago, and one of these venues was known as 'The Warehouse'. The music played at 'The Warehouse', especially that of resident DJ Frankie Knuckles, was referred to by patrons as 'house' music. Larry Heard, aka 'Mr Fingers' claims that the term 'house' referred to the fact that many DJs created the music in their own homes using simple electronic equipment, drum machines and synthesizers. Chip E. was the first person to describe house music on a record with his track 'It's House', but he claims that the term originated from the way that records were labeled at the Imports Etc. record store where he worked in the early 1980s.